What is Paediatric Ophthalmology Squint or Strabismus?
The condition known as strabismus, also known as pediatric ophthalmology squint, causes the eyes to not point in the same direction. Cross eyes are how people commonly refer to it.
Esotropia (inward turning), exotropia (outward turning), hypertropia (upward turning), and dystopia (downward turning) are other terms for this eye misalignment (hypotropia).
What are the Causes of Strabismus?
Strabismus is brought on by the failure of six different eye muscles to coordinate with one another. Confusion comes from the condition’s dual picture transmission to the brain. The tendency to overlook the weaker image is one that is learned frequently. Amblyopia, often known as lazy eye, is caused by a loss of perception in the eye.
Childhood strabismus is of unknown etiology i.e. unknown cause. A causal factor can be a family history. Adult strabismus is caused by shellfish poisoning, diabetes, Graves disease, Guillain-Barre syndrome, botulism, diabetes, stroke, traumatic brain injury, and any eye condition or injury that results in vision loss.
What are the symptoms of Strabismus?
The signs and symptoms of strabismus include:
- Headaches with double vision
- Shutting one eye when seeing distant objects or in intense light causes eyestrain.
A youngster may exhibit strabismus signs in 3 to 4 months after birth. Yet, strabismus symptoms in children typically occur around the age of three.
When an older child or adult, especially one with double vision, discovers a 4-year-old who is suddenly cross-eyed, it may be a sign of a more serious neurologic disease.
How is Strabismus Diagnosed?
The following techniques are used to identify this condition:
- A thorough examination of the patient’s medical history and an assessment of visual acuity
- Refractive tests
- Tests for alignment and attention
- A post-dilation examination.
What is the treatment of Strabismus?
Some tools or methods can be used to treat this disorder:
- Patients with untreated refractive errors wear glasses or contact lenses.
- To bend light and lessen eye turning, specialized prism lenses are utilized.
- Eye exercises or orthoptics may be used to treat issues such the exotropia-related convergence insufficiency.
- Eye drops and creams can be applied to a muscle in the eye that is hyperactive.
- If the lazy eye also has strabismus, patching may be performed to treat it.
Why Choose Vedant Netralaya for Treatment of Strabismus?
Strabismus in children is a condition that needs to be addressed right away to avoid developing more issues. All of its patients have access to the greatest medical care from Vedant Netralaya at reasonable prices. Vedant Netralaya is a great choice for treating your child’s eye for strabismus or related disorders because it is known to have one of top pediatric ophthalmologists in India.