Eye Diseases in Children – Overview & Symptoms

Eye Diseases in Children – Overview & Symptoms

Many disorders and ailments might impact a child’s eyesight. Your kid’s pediatrician can send you to a pediatric ophthalmologist for further evaluation and diagnosis if he or she detects an eye issue or if the child does not pass a vision screening.

To avoid permanent vision loss, early diagnosis and treatment are crucial. Check out the symptoms and potential treatments for some of the most typical eye diseases and conditions below.

Condition Description and Signs to Look Out For Diagnosis and Treatment
Refractive ErrorsAstigmatism
(abnormally bent cornea), Myopia (short-sightedness), and Hyperopia (far-sightedness) are the three most prevalent refractive abnormalities in children
Causes of hazy vision, these problems prevent light from hitting the retina where it should.  ● Often lowering or raising the head ● When kids engage in visually taxing activities, they may experience headaches or eye strain. ● Bringing reading materials (paper or electronic) very near to the eyes ● Proximity to a screen, whether on a computer or TV  The blurriness of distant or nearby objects can be corrected by glasses. Once a child is diagnosed as short-sighted or far-sighted, it is quite rare for them to outgrow it. When the time is right, contacts can be worn.
Amblyopia, or lazy eye, is a condition in which one eye has poorer vision than the other and does not develop to its full potential.  
Problems with reading, mathematics, or physical activitiesFocusing and paying attention are problematic.Habitually covering one eye, wiping eyes frequently,Tilting the headSquinting    Diagnosing amblyopia can be challenging because the youngster may be using their good eye to compensate for their impaired vision. Surgery is often the treatment of choice if it is severe.
Misaligned eyes (strabismus) 
occurs when the eyes are not able to coordinate their movements to form a single image.
When one eye looks in, up, down, or out. The inability of the ocular muscles to coordinate properly causes this. ● Anxiety ● Dizziness
● See double ● Fatigue ● Headache ● Sensitivity to light ● Sickness from Travelling ● Stress
Glasses, patches or surgery, depending on the cause for the misalignment.  
Pediatric Cataracts
Cataracts aren’t just a problem for adults, though. Cataracts result from lens clouding. Cataracts affect about 3 of every 10,000 children.  
Clouding of the normally transparent lens in one or both eyes is what causes cataracts. Depending on its location and severity, a cataract may cause visual impairment. Cataracts can usually only be treated by surgical removal. Infant and childhood cataracts are extremely unusual and unrelated to cataracts in adults.
Swollen eyelids (blepharitis) Swollen eyelids result due to inflammation in the oily glands of the eyelid causing crusting of the eyelashes. Warm compresses and Antibiotics if there’s an infection.

Also read: What is Conjunctivitis or Eye Flu?


Pediatric eye problems should be taken care of to help in the normal growth of a child. If your child has been diagnosed with one of the diseases listed above, your eye doctor will likely suggest a course of vision rehabilitation. Visit Vedanta Netralaya for the best Pediatric Eye Care for your child.

What is Conjunctivitis or Eye Flu?


What is Conjunctivitis or Eye Flu?

Conjunctivitis, also known as the “eye flu,” frequently begins suddenly with eye irritation, gritty feeling, discomfort, and redness. Although it commonly begins in one eye and spreads to the other after a few days, it usually affects both eyes.

What are the Symptoms of Conjunctivitis?

  • The symptoms quickly worsen and include a sticky discharge.
  • Patients would complain about their eyelashes clumping in the morning and being unable to open their eyes without cleansing.
  • Mild blurring is the most severe visual symptom brought on by the sticky discharge.
  • Intolerance to light, often known as photophobia, is a condition that is normally ABSENT.

If these symptoms are present, they point to a condition other than conjunctivitis and should be reported to your eye doctor.

Every red eye should be examined by an eye doctor to rule out other, more dangerous disorders, as conjunctivitis is not the only cause of red eyes. You can find the best eye care through experts at Vedanta Netralaya in Ghaziabad.

Things You Should Not Do When You have Conjunctivitis

  • Don’t self-prescribe drugs.
  • The only eye drop that you can use without first visiting a doctor is a lubricating eye drop.
  • As a top hospital for eye care, eye care doctors at Vedanta Netralaya frequently encounter patients who start using eye drops with steroids in them. This can result in a flare-up of the illness.
  • NEVER use any drug that was prescribed to a close friend or relative.
  • As conjunctivitis is contagious, some people begin taking the drugs that were recommended for a family member who already had the condition in an effort to “avoid” infection. Sadly, these eye drops serve no prophylactic purpose.
  • To stop the sickness from spreading, stay away from crowded areas.

How is common infective conjunctivitis treated?

  • Mild infections don’t require any treatment because they go away on their own after a few days.
  • Since it removes all the anti-germ proteins that are secreted in the tears, frequent cleaning of the eyes from the inside is not advised.
  • To lessen irritation in the eyes, lubricant eye drops can be utilised.
  • When a patient has bacterial conjunctivitis, doctors may occasionally administer antibiotic and anti-inflammatory eye drops.
  • Contact lenses shouldn’t be worn until all symptoms have disappeared.

How Can You Stop Infecting Other People?

  • Viral Conjunctivitis spreads quickly and usually occurs in bursts during the rainy season. Through contact and through objects contacted by contaminated hands, it spreads. The most crucial method for preventing dissemination to others is frequent handwashing.
  • Wash your hands frequently throughout the day, especially after coming in contact with an infected eye.
  • Several of these conjunctivitis-causing viruses are not effectively treated by alcohol-based hand sanitizers, which is why frequent handwashing is still necessary. It’s also crucial to refrain from using any of the patient’s linens, pillows, handkerchiefs, or cutlery.

Also read: What to expect before, during, and after LASIK eye surgery?

Does Wearing Sunglasses Help?

The use of sunglasses or any other type of safety eyewear is not necessary for the treatment of conjunctivitis. Wearing sunglasses doesn’t prevent the spread of illness, and it can’t be spread by staring directly into the infected eye.

How Should a Patient Prevent Conjunctivitis from spreading?

To prevent it from spreading to other close contacts, confine it to the job or school. The best strategy to stop spread is to remain at home until there is no longer any ocular discharge (s). Using a computer, phone, or television is permitted if the patient feels comfortable.

Should You continue to wipe my eyes in order to prevent infection?

It is not advised to treat an infection by often washing the interior of inflamed eyes with tap water. The process of recovery is not accelerated by it. In fact, it removes all the pathogen-killing anti-infective proteins secreted by the eyes.

When should You See a Doctor?

Each patient must be screened in order to confirm the diagnosis.

If any of the following symptoms exist, a review should be conducted as well.

  • Apparent eye pain
  • An aversion to light (photophobia).
  • Blisters or skin sores close to the eye.
  • Blurry vision that doesn’t clear up after blinking


If you think you or your family members have been infected with Conjunctivitis, it is necessary to seek immediate care as this infection spreads fast and can do serious damage to the eyes. Visit Vedanta Netralaya for the best care and treatment of Conjunctivitis.

What to expect before, during, and after LASIK eye surgery?


What to expect before, during, and after LASIK eye surgery?

One of the most common elective procedures performed today is LASIK, a type of corrective laser eye surgery. In only one quick consultation, this quick, safe, and easy operation can significantly improve the quality of your vision. Patients who were once totally dependent on glasses or contact lenses to function on a daily basis frequently discover that they don’t need glasses anymore.

Nonetheless, many people find the idea of having surgery on their eyes to be a terrifying one. Yet, by being fully aware of what to anticipate, you may remain composed and in control while concentrating on the advantages of LASIK laser eye surgery.

What you need to know prior to, during, and following LASIK is listed here.

Prior To Having Lasik Surgery

LASIK is not necessarily the best option for everyone, despite having an extremely high success rate. You must go to a consultation visit with your preferred laser eye surgeon before you can be approved for LASIK. This is done to establish if you are a good candidate for the surgery by evaluating your eye health and present eyesight quality.

A corneal topography of your eyes will be taken by your surgeon to determine whether or not they are healthy enough and suited for LASIK. Your surgeon will be able to see exactly where the changes to the shape of your cornea need to be made thanks to this virtual map of your eyes.

Also, your surgeon will go over the advantages, disadvantages, and surgical alternatives with you. You should take advantage of this opportunity to ask any queries you might have.

You should be sure to cease using any facial creams, cosmetics, and perfume the day before your LASIK procedure since these could raise the risk of infection. After your surgery, you should make arrangements for someone to pick you up and drive you home because you won’t be able to because of your blurry vision.

During the LASIK treatment

Although the actual LASIK procedure should only take a few minutes per eye, you should plan your appointment to last about 30 minutes.

Ensure that you plan your procedure for a time when you won’t feel rushed or under pressure and can return home and unwind afterward.

You will be lying in a cozy chair during the procedure. Your eye will be inserted with numbing drops, and the region around it will be cleaned. Your eyelid will then be held open by a lid speculum so that your surgeon can reach your eye without interruption.

In order to perform LASIK, a flap is made in the epithelium, the cornea’s outermost layer. Depending on what your surgeon offers, this might be done using a tiny, thin blade or a laser.

The corneal tissue under the flap will then be reshaped using the laser and the topography recorded during your appointment. Although you could experience some tingling and hear the sound of the laser in action, the procedure should be absolutely painless. The surgery is finished by replacing the flap.

You will be given a shield to wear over your eyes after your LASIK procedure to avoid accidental touching or prodding while the flap heals.

After LASIK surgery

Once your LASIK treatment is over, you can take your go home. Since some soreness is to be expected, your surgeon may advise you to take some over-the-counter pain medication when you get home, but the majority of people manage without.

You must get plenty of sleep because your eye needs time to recover. Most surgeons will advise you to go home and take a nap for a few hours so that healing may start without interruption and you can avoid some of the first discomforts. To prevent unintentionally touching your eyes, wear your eye protection.

If you work in a position that necessitates great focus, such as staring at a computer screen, try to take a few days off from work so that you don’t need to put too much strain on your eyes immediately away. A few days later, your surgeon will want to check on you to make sure that healing is going well and there haven’t been any issues.

You should make an effort to see your surgeon as soon as you can if you have any problems following your LASIK operation.


At Vedanta Netralya our knowledgeable staff would be pleased to allay any concerns you may have if you are thinking about LASIK laser eye surgery and have additional questions about any element of the process. Call Vedanta Netralya at any time with questions or to make an appointment for a LASIK treatment in Ghaziabad.

Paediatric Ophthalmology Squint or Strabismus, Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment


Paediatric Ophthalmology Squint or Strabismus, Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

What is Paediatric Ophthalmology Squint or Strabismus?

The condition known as strabismus, also known as pediatric ophthalmology squint, causes the eyes to not point in the same direction. Cross eyes are how people commonly refer to it.

Esotropia (inward turning), exotropia (outward turning), hypertropia (upward turning), and dystopia (downward turning) are other terms for this eye misalignment (hypotropia).

What are the Causes of Strabismus?

Strabismus is brought on by the failure of six different eye muscles to coordinate with one another. Confusion comes from the condition’s dual picture transmission to the brain. The tendency to overlook the weaker image is one that is learned frequently. Amblyopia, often known as lazy eye, is caused by a loss of perception in the eye.

Childhood strabismus is of unknown etiology i.e. unknown cause. A causal factor can be a family history. Adult strabismus is caused by shellfish poisoning, diabetes, Graves disease, Guillain-Barre syndrome, botulism, diabetes, stroke, traumatic brain injury, and any eye condition or injury that results in vision loss.

What are the symptoms of Strabismus?

The signs and symptoms of strabismus include:

  • Headaches with double vision
  • Shutting one eye when seeing distant objects or in intense light causes eyestrain.

A youngster may exhibit strabismus signs in 3 to 4 months after birth. Yet, strabismus symptoms in children typically occur around the age of three.

When an older child or adult, especially one with double vision, discovers a 4-year-old who is suddenly cross-eyed, it may be a sign of a more serious neurologic disease.

How is Strabismus Diagnosed?

The following techniques are used to identify this condition:

  1. A thorough examination of the patient’s medical history and an assessment of visual acuity
  2. Refractive tests
  3. Tests for alignment and attention
  4. A post-dilation examination.

What is the treatment of Strabismus?

Some tools or methods can be used to treat this disorder:

  • Patients with untreated refractive errors wear glasses or contact lenses.
  • To bend light and lessen eye turning, specialized prism lenses are utilized.
  • Eye exercises or orthoptics may be used to treat issues such the exotropia-related convergence insufficiency.
  • Eye drops and creams can be applied to a muscle in the eye that is hyperactive.
  • If the lazy eye also has strabismus, patching may be performed to treat it.

Why Choose Vedant Netralaya for Treatment of Strabismus?

Strabismus in children is a condition that needs to be addressed right away to avoid developing more issues. All of its patients have access to the greatest medical care from Vedant Netralaya at reasonable prices. Vedant Netralaya is a great choice for treating your child’s eye for strabismus or related disorders because it is known to have one of top pediatric ophthalmologists in India.

Cataract Surgery: Everything you need to know

Cataract Surgery: Everything you need to know

Individuals aged 50 and above often receive a diagnosis from their doctor indicating the presence of a common eye condition known as cataracts. This condition manifests when the lens inside the eye becomes clouded, resulting in a blurred vision that cannot be improved with the use of eyeglasses, contact lenses, or LASIK surgery.

Who is an ideal candidate for cataract surgery?

Not everyone diagnosed with a cataract necessarily requires surgery to regain clear vision. Many individuals with cataracts can achieve visual clarity by using a prescribed eyeglass or magnifying lens.

If you continue to disregard the symptoms at this stage, cataracts can progress and reach an advanced form. This will result in significantly impaired vision, making everyday activities like driving at night or working on electronic screens challenging.

When you reach this point, cataract surgery becomes the sole option to restore your vision. Vedanta Netralya’s cataract surgeon will conduct a comprehensive eye examination to assess the health of your eyes. The specialist will recommend the surgery if the cataract has reached an advanced stage and delaying the procedure could negatively impact your eyes or your quality of life.

How should I prepare for cataract surgery?

During your visit to our eye hospital, our doctor will perform several tests to assess the shape and size of your eyes. These tests assist the eye specialist in selecting the most suitable artificial lens for your cataract surgery. Our expert will also provide you with valuable tips to prepare you for the procedure. Additionally, the doctor may advise you to refrain from eating or drinking anything for a minimum of 3-4 hours prior to the surgery.

What to expect during the cataract surgery?

To ensure a painless experience, your doctor will administer numbing eye drops to your eyes. However, you will remain awake throughout the procedure. The purpose of the numbing agent is to help you relax. When you are prepared for the surgery, the cataract surgeon will make a small incision on the side of your cornea, which is the transparent front part of your eye. Alternatively, a laser may be utilized for this step.

Through the incision, a small instrument is inserted to break up and remove the cataract by gentle suction. Subsequently, a foldable lens made of plastic, silicone, or acrylic will be inserted into the eye.

After the cataract surgery, you will receive instructions and be discharged. It is essential to ensure that you have a companion who can safely drive you home when you arrive at the hospital.

If you wish to gather additional information about eye conditions, treatments, or any eye-related concerns, our highly skilled eye specialists are available to assist you. Feel free to ask them any questions you may have. For more detailed information, you can also visit our website or schedule an appointment at Vedanta Netralya Eye Hospital.

How Smile Laser Eye Medical Procedure Functions

How lasik works by vedanta netralya ghaziabad

How Smile Laser Eye Medical Procedure Functions

How Smile Laser Eye Functions

How Smile Laser Eye Medical Procedure Functions

In case you’re thinking about having a laser eye medical procedure, it’s solitary common that you’ll need to get as much data as you can about the system and how it functions. There are various diverse medicines accessible these days, every one of which utilizes a marginally unique strategy. At Vedanta Netralya Ghaziabad, we offer LASER, LASIK and SMILE laser medical procedures, and in the accompanying post, we’ll investigate how every strategy attempts to help set you up for what’s in store.

Smile laser eye medical procedure

How about we start with ReLEx SMILE laser eye adjustment? This is a bladeless, insignificantly obtrusive type of keyhole laser eye medical procedure, which is a standout among the most inventive and inventively propelled types of laser eye treatment accessible today. The medical procedure includes a cutting-edge Carl Zeiss VisuMax laser which is famous for being incredibly exact.

Advantages of this innovation include:

  • Patients just need to focus on a light for a couple of moments
  • Eye drying out is limited
  • Treatment is fast

Amid the treatment, an accomplished ophthalmic specialist will coordinate the laser on the focal point of the cornea. The arrangement of heartbeats that are created will result in small air pockets, 1/100th of the width of a strand of human hair, framing a framework around the cornea. The laser at that point creates a minor associating burrow, through which your specialist will attract out a tissue to change the cornea’s shape. This laser eye medical procedure strategy doesn’t include a fold being made, so there is no danger of fold entanglements.

Smile Lasik is one option that we offer our patients to create an excellent vision and eliminate the need for glasses and contact lenses. At Vedanta Netralya, Ghaziabad, the best-rated eye clinic in Ghaziabad, we specialize exclusively in all versions of Lasik laser vision correction. As one of the very few practices that specialize exclusively in this subspecialty, we have the expertise, technology, trained staff, and superb doctor to bring you the best vision possible. You will notice the detailed knowledge and compassion each time you interact with us. You will also be meeting with Dr, Davinder Tyagi the highly regarded eye surgeon in Ghaziabad each and every time you come to visit, from the first consultation through your procedure and all of your post-treatment visits.

Some Facts Regarding Smile Laser Eye Treatment 

Smile is shorthand for “Small Incision Lenticular Extraction”.

ReLex is shorthand for “Refractive Lenticular Extraction”.

Both of these names refer to the small lens, or lenticule, which is removed from the central part of the cornea.

Who can undergo Smile Laser Procedure

Every Person cant undergo a smile Lasik procedure Only certain prescriptions are suitable for Smile.
Dr Davinder Tyagi will determine and discuss your suitability during your personal consultation with him.


The vision results from Smile are equivalent to the results obtained with all-laser, wavefront Lasik.

Recovery from Smile

A. Patients walk out of the laser room immediately after Smiling and are able to drive and go to work the very next day. However, the return to 20/20 vision is slower with Smile than with Lasik. Most Lasik patients experience 20/20 vision the very next day, while with Smile this can take several weeks.

Does Smile Hurt 

Smiling is a pain-free procedure.


Learn More About Smile Laser and Your Eyes Contact Vedanta Netralya at +91-9873518513 and set up an appointment with Dr Davinder Tyagi, a well-known retina specialist in Ghaziabad and an expert eye surgeon in Ghaziabad.


About Dr Davinder Tyagi: Dr Davinder Tyagi the best eye doctor in Ghaziabad is an AIIMS alumni and eminent and high volumic senior Surgeon ( Retina and Cataract) in Ghaziabad western UP and NCR. He did his postgraduation in ophthalmology and ( Vitroretina training from Dr R.P. centre, AIIMS (DELHI). Dr Davinder Tyagi started medical retina and retina surgery in 2007 after completing his tenure at AIIMS.

To know more about him, visit   http://vedantanetralyagzb.com/drtyagiprofile.html

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Lets Understand Our Eyes by Vedanta Netralya Ghaziabad

View of retina

Lets Understand Our Eyes by Vedanta Netralya Ghaziabad

Lets Understand Our Eyes by Vedanta Netralya Ghaziabad

Our eyes and our visual system which enables us to see work hard every second while we are awake, broadcasting to us the visual reality from a dizzying array of light-based impulses. Eyes are most important aspect of life but unfortunately We take vision for granted, in a nutshell our eyes and our ability to see are is the most important invention of evolutionary engineering.

More of the brain is dedicated to vision than to hearing, taste, touch, and smell combined. Sight is, arguably, our most important sense.

Now lets go through complete structure of eye and how it enables us to see.

Vision is an incredibly complex process that works so well, we never need to give it much thought.

How Eyes Work

The work of the visual system can be summarized as follows: light enters our pupil and is focused onto the retina at the back of the eye. The retina converts the light signal into electrical impulses. The optic nerve then carries the impulses to the brain where the signals are processed.

Anatomy of the eye

The tissues of the eye can be split into three types: • Refracting tissues that focus light • Light-Sensitive Tissues • Support Tissues

Refracting tissues that focus light

Light Sensitive Tissues (RETINA)

The retina is the innermost layer of the eye. It houses more than 120 million light-sensitive photoreceptor cells that detect light and convert it into electrical signals. These signals are sent on to the brain for processing. Photoreceptor cells in the retina contain protein molecules called opsins that are sensitive to light. The two primary photoreceptor cells are called rods and cones. In response to particles of light, the rods and cones send out electrical signals to the brain.

Support Tissues

Sclera: This is commonly referred to as the white of the eye. It is fibrous and provides support for the eyeball, helping it keep its shape.

Conjunctiva: A thin, transparent membrane that covers most of the white of the eye, and the inside of the eyelids. It helps lubricate the eye and protect it from microbes.

Choroid: A layer of connective tissue between the retina and sclera. It contains a high concentration of blood vessels. It is just 0.5 mm thick and contains light-absorbing pigment cells that help reduce reflections in the retina.

Learn More About Diabetes and Your Eyes Contact Vedanta Netralya at +91-9873518513, and setup appointment with Dr. Davinder Tyagi , a well known retina specialist in ghaziabad and the best eye specialist in Ghaziabad. 

About Dr. Davinder Tyagi : Dr. Davinder Tyagi the best eye doctor in ghaziabad is an AIIMS alumini and eminent and high volumic senior Surgeon ( Retina and Cataract) in Ghaziabad western UP and NCR .He did his postgraduation in ophthalmology and ( Vitroretina training from Dr. R.P. centre, AIIMS (DELHI) . Dr. Davinder Tyagi started medical retina and retina surgery in 2007 after completing his tenure in AIIMS. To know more about him , visit http://vedantanetralyagzb.com/drtyagiprofile.html

#vedantanetralyagzb #eyecare #retina #cataract #ophthalmology #cataract #optometry #eyecare #eyehealth